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Ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata)
Only a few left!
Durable, easy-to-grow wildflower that blooms in late summer with big flat topped clusters of vivid violet-purple flowers. Vernonia is an invaluable late season nectar source for butterflies and bees. A big, robust plant for the back of the border. Drought resistant/drought tolerant plant.
Sun Exposure: Full
Soil Moisture: Medium, Medium-Dry
Height: 3 feet
Bloom Time: July, August, September
Bloom Color: Purple
Rattlesnake Master (Eryngium yuccifolium)
Scattered along the stiff, upright stem of this unusual perennial are tough, blue-green, yucca-like, parallel-veined leaves. Smooth, rigid stem bearing thistle-like flower heads made up of small greenish-white florets mingled with pointed bracts. The individual, greenish-white flowers cluster into unique, globular heads. These occur on branch ends atop the 6 ft. plant.
Size Notes: 4-6 feet.
Flower: Flowers in 1 inch globes
Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug
Rough Blazing Star (Liatris aspera)
Covered with lavender blooms in late summer, Rough Blazing Star is shorter than other Liatris species and perfect for medium or dry well-drained soils. Butterflies are likely visitors, along with hummingbirds and other pollinators.
Ideal for dry perennial borders, rock gardens or low-growing dry meadows, it combines beautifully with Butterflyweed, Dotted Mint, Showy Goldenrod, Sky Blue Aster and Little Bluestem. This drought tolerant Liatris likes well-drained dry to medium soils, or sandy and rocky situations. Avoid planting it in moist areas, or locations where the soil remains consistently wet during winter.
The species name "aspera" is Latin for "rough," which refers to the short stiff hairs on the central stem and the narrow basal leaves, which are very rough. Another distinguishing feature of Rough Blazing Star is the slightly zigzag stem. Other common names include Button Snakeroot and Rough Gayfeather.
Soil Type: Loam, Sand
Soil Moisture: Dry, Medium
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Height: 2' - 3'
Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, Purple
Bloom Time: Aug, Sep
Spacing: 6" - 1'
Rigid Goldenrod (Solidago rigida)
Bright yellow, flat-topped flowers in late summer and early fall. The flowers provide nectar for butterflies and birds love the seed. Clump-forming, aggressive goldenrod. Seeds feed winter birds.
Very adaptable. Grows easily in full sun and dry soil. Goldenrod does not cause hay fever. Ragweed, which blooms at the same time, is the true culprit. May be too aggressive for small gardens.
Plant in groups in butterfly and songbird gardens, perennial borders, cut flower gardens, wild gardens, native plant gardens, naturalized areas, prairies or meadows.
Sun Exposure : Full Sun
Soil: Moisture, Dry, Moderate
Wildlife Benefit: Butterfly / Moth Host, Butterfly / Moth Nectar
Animal Resistance: Deer Resistant
Height: 30 to 48 inches
Spread: 12 to 16 inches
Mexican Hat (Ratibida columnifera)
A fun, easy to grow Missouri native, Mexican Hat, Ratibida columnifera, brings large flowers of red or yellow with 2″ long gray cone-shaped centers that resemble the crown of hats, surrounded by drooping bright yellow ray flowers. Its center disk remind many of a slender sombrero. Also called Long Headed Coneflower.
This Missouri native perennial makes a top choice for wildflower meadows and naturalized areas, working beautifully with its native companions Blazing Stars, Coneflowers, Turtleheads and more. With its unique flowers it makes a cheerful selection for butterfly and native gardens, perennial beds, or for the cut flower garden.
An important food source, bees and butterflies adore it.
Plant in full sun and average, well-drained soil.
Bloom Color- Red, Yellow
Bloom Time- Summer
Light Requirements- Sun
Water Needs- Average, Low
Plant Type- Perennial
Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
Lobelia siphilitica, commonly called great lobelia or blue cardinal flower, is a Missouri native perennial which typically grows in moist to wet locations. A clump-forming perennial which features light to dark blue, tubular, 2-lipped flowers.
Easily grown in rich, humusy, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. Great for rain gardens! Needs constant moisture. Will tolerate full sun in cool, northern climates, but otherwise appreciates part shade. Divide clumps in spring as needed. May self-seed in optimum growing conditions, forming attractive colonies.
Height: 2.00 to 3.00 feet
Bloom Time: July to September
Sun: Full sun to part shade
Water: Medium to wet
Tolerate: Deer, Heavy Shade, Wet Soil
Black-Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
Right on cue during the dog days of August, Black-Eyed Susans illuminate flower gardens and open fields everywhere like bright rays of sunshine. If any plant could be the poster child of late summer it would be this one. The brightly colored flowers in cheery shades of lemon-yellow, orange, and gold bloom for weeks with minimal care. They also attract a continuous procession of pollinators, bringing even more color and vibrancy to the summer garden.
Sun Exposure: Full sun
Bloom period: Plants have a long bloom period even without deadheading, typically flourishing from late July until the first frost. Some cultivars, such as ‘Early Bird Gold’, have extended bloom times and will begin flowering in mid to late spring.
Height: 10 inches to 3 ft.
New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novaeangliae)
This tall perennial aster produces hundreds of large violet purple to deep purple flowers with yellow centers in Sept. and Oct. The flowers are a favorite nectar source for migrating monarch butterflies. Praying mantises like to catch butterflies on them!
Height: 30 to 60 inches
Spread: 24 to 48 inches
Sun Exposure Full Sun, Medium Sun/Average Shade
Typical Landscape Use: Use in the back of the garden for late season color and to attract butterflies. Grows well in native plant gardens or in damp prairies.
Establishment and Care Instructions
They grow best in fertile soil with constant moisture. Pinch garden plants back three or four times before Aug. 15th to keep them more compact.
Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
This is an erect, branching perennial, up to 2 ft. tall, well-known for its showy flowers. A nodding, red and yellow flower with upward spurred petals alternating with spreading, colored sepals and numerous yellow stamens hanging below the petals. The compound leaves, divided into round-lobed threes, are attractive in their own right.
This beautiful woodland wildflower has showy, drooping, bell-like flowers equipped with distinctly backward-pointing tubes, similar to the garden Columbines. These tubes, or spurs, contain nectar that attracts long-tongued insects and hummingbirds especially adapted for reaching the sweet secretion.
Water Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Drought Tolerance: High
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Bloom Color: Red , Pink , Yellow
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul
Missouri Primrose (Oenothera macrocarpa)
A showy, trailing plant with large, yellow flowers up to 4 inches across. Plants bloom for a long period from spring through summer, with each flower lasting a day.
Height: 6 to 10 inches
Spread: 16 to 24 inches
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Nature Attracting: Pollinators/Beneficial Insects
Wildlife Benefit: Butterfly / Moth Nectar, Food/Small Animals
Typical Landscape Use Best at the front of the border or in rock gardens. Also effective in wild gardens, meadows or native plant gardens. Can be used in containers.
Establishment and Care Instructions
Tolerates poor soil and drought but needs good drainage. Will benefit from limestone in the soil. Tends to die out in good soil.